Increasing ecological value of structure

References and suggested further reading

Airoldi, L., Abbiati, M., Beck, M.W., Hawkins, S.J., Jonsson, P.R., Martin, D., Moschella, P.S., Sundel, A., Thompson, R.C., Terg, P. 2005. An ecological perspective on the deployment and design of low-crested and other hard coastal defence structures. Coastal Engineering 52: 1073-1087.

Environment Agency (2007) Landscape and Environmental Design Guidance, National Environmental Assessment Service, Operational Guidance Volume 3, April 2007

Environment Agency (2008) Estuary Edges: Ecological Design Guidance.

Moschella, P.S., Abbiati, M., Ĺberg, P., Airoldi, L., Anderson, J.M., Bacchiocchi, F., Bulleri, F., Dinesen, G.E., Frost, M., Gacia, E., Granhag, L., Jonsson, P.R., Satta, M.P., Sundelof, A., Thompson, R.C., Hawkins, S.J. 2005. Low-crested coastal defence structures as artificial habitats for marine life: using ecological criteria in design. Coastal Engineering 52: 1053-1071.

Martin, D., Bertasi, F., Colangelo, M.A., de Vries, M., Frost, M., Hawkins, S.J., Macpherson, E., Moschella, P.S., Satta, M.P., Thompson, R.C., Ceccherelli, V.U. 2005. Ecological impact of coastal defence structures on sediments and mobile infauna: evaluating and forecasting consequences of unavoidable modifications of native habitats. Coastal Engineering 52: 1027-1051.

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