Gravel reinstatement in rivers

Effectiveness for Biological Quality Elements

 

There are several case studies of reinstatement of gravels, including gravel augmentation, creation of gravel features and gravel cleaning. However, there is little documented evidence of their effectiveness.

Academic references

Bunte, K. (2004) Gravel mitigation and augmentation below hydroelectric dams: A geomorphological perspective. Report to the Stream Systems Technology Center, USDA Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Fort Collins.