Fluvial Design Guide - Chapter 5

Landscape and heritage

5.8 A few do’s and don’ts

Boxes 5.3 and 5.4 illustrate examples of good practice and the pitfalls to be avoided.

Box 5.3 Good practice

    • Appoint landscape architects and heritage specialists at inception stage, to ensure proper project screening and obtain their help in preparing the landscape/environment and heritage brief.
    • At project appraisal stage, identify sufficient budget for all necessary landscape and heritage specialist work, not forgetting future management and maintenance of landscape schemes or heritage assets.
    • Encourage landscape and heritage specialist involvement in the consent process to ensure an appropriate level of support is brought to the project.
    • Ensure that visual and heritage impacts of the temporary works are considered and not just the impacts of the permanent scheme.
    • Any environmental or heritage constraints that you wish to place on a project should be included in the contract documents to allow contractors to plan and price for the restrictions.
    • Indicate environmental and heritage constraints on a plan to show the restrictions on-site to workers, consenting authorities and other interested parties.
    • Consult with consenting authorities and stakeholders as early as reasonably possible to assess their opinion on the impacts of the proposals on landscape and heritage matters.
    • Make the time to consult the receiving community about the visual and land-use impacts of proposals as they develop.
    • Go back to communities and interested parties to tell them about what has been found through the heritage research or archaeological digs.
    • Remember the ‘tip of the iceberg’ effect, where people only see the visible part of any river works and judge its impact on what they can see and understand. The importance of good design for these parts of any fluvial proposals should not be under-estimated.


Box 5.4 Poor practice and pitfalls

    • Appointing landscape and heritage specialists too late so that the value of their input and opinion is reduced.
    • Disregarding planning or other consent conditions placed on a scheme, or failing to consider them early enough in the design process (so that they can be discharged as quickly and cheaply as possible).
    • Forgetting to include the cost of appropriate landscape and heritage mitigation measures within the economic analyses for the scheme.
    • Not allowing for landscape maintenance within the long-term cost planning of a scheme.
    • Leaving the formal adoption of landscape areas until late in the project programme.
    • Planting trees and shrubs out of planting season (November–March) – this increases the cost of the planting and the likelihood of plant failure.
    • Forgetting to allow access to the landscape works for establishment and future maintenance.
    • Leaving archaeological investigation until the construction phase of a project – any need for further archaeological investigation will have costly impacts on the main construction works.


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