FD1911 - Freiston: Shore Managed Realignment

Theme:Strategy and Policy Development
Project status:Completed
Start date:01/12/2001
End date:30/11/2007
  • Flood and Coastal Defence,
  • Coastal Defence,
  • Processes,
  • Environmental Protection,
  • Land
  • Environment Agency


The main outputs of this monitoring programme has been the two R&D Technical Reports


This report outlines the final year of site monitoring in 2007 and surmises site development based on the previous 2002-2006 monitoring report. The first report describes the aims and objectives of the managed realignment and provides full detail of the monitoring techniques and methodologies employed in the five year monitoring programme carried out at Freiston.

The reports provide an account of site change following initial breaching, through monitoring key indicators of development such as vegetation establishment and accretion rates and to compare these to the existing, surrounding salt marsh as a measure of success. The research will assist in future realignment schemes, and associated monitoring, by considering the balance between available resources and the need to understand the processes associated with salt marsh establishment. It is intended that Defra and Environment Agency staff, coastal managers, partners, and researchers may use learn from Freiston, and use it as a model for future work.


To ensure a comprehensive monitoring programme is undertaken at the largest management re-alignment scheme to be progressed in the UK. This will provide a record (archived at the Environment Agency) of the impacts of the scheme on the local environment.



To collect the data to enable future research on understanding the physical processes of a managed re-alignment to be based on actual schemes. This will allow coastal managers to pursue sustainable flood and coastal defence management options and to aid the design and implementation of future realignments.