FD2017 - National evaluation of costs of meeting coastal environment requirements

Theme:Strategy and Policy Development
Project status:Completed
Start date:15/07/2005
End date:17/02/2006
  • Environmental Protection,
  • Coastal Defence,
  • Flood and Coastal Defence,
  • Policy Development,
  • Land
  • Risk and Policy Analysts Ltd


The outputs of this study are supported by a detailed spreadsheet, which provides information on assumptions and calculations undertaken when estimating the costs of protecting Natura 2000/SSSI/Ramsar sites from flooding over the next 100 years to inform the Government’s spending review. The output will be used by Defra and operating authorities to help assess likely flood management costs of meeting environmental requirements at the coast. The product may also be useful for operating authorities to consider the most sustainable and cost effective means of delivery in the long term and calculate the cost of alternative delivery strategies.


A methodology is required to allow for a medium to high-level assessment of costs of flood management measures required to meet some key nature conservation objectives and requirements. The National Assessment of Defence Needs and Costs (


made a rudimentary assessment of areas where compensatory habitat may be required (due to coastal squeeze) and defence of designated areas (where this would not otherwise be justified).
Further research is now required to develop a more detailed approach with the objective of improving the understanding between Defra, EA and EN of environmental requirements and costs. The outputs will allow for a more robust high-level estimate to be provided of the costs of implementing of the Birds and Habitats Directives and some aspects of the Wildlife and Countryside Act and the Water framework Directive.



To gain a clearer understanding at a national level, in time for the Spending Review 2006, of the costs of flood management work needed to meet key environmental requirements and objectives.